Feline Panleukopenia Virus (FPV)

Feline panleukopenia (FPV), also known as feline distemper, is a viral infection among cats that is caused by parvovirus. Similar to parvovirus, it is extremely resilient and can survive on nearly any surface and for extensive periods of time. FPV is highly contagious and often fatal. While it is not contagious for humans or dogs, ferrets can spread the disease to and can obtain the disease from cats. Panleukopenia is spread through contact with an infected animal’s bodily waste, body fluid, bed, or dishes. Pet owners can also carry the disease on their clothing and shoes.

FPV harms a cat by depleting their white blood cell count, leaving them susceptible to secondary infection; and attacks the lining of their gastrointestinal tract, causing internal inflammation, pain, and bleeding. The disease is entirely preventable with regular vaccination. Mothering cats can also spread the virus to their unborn kittens; therefore, it is highly recommended that pregnant cats are routinely vaccinated to prevent spreading FPV to their offspring.

If you have any questions about vaccination scheduling or would like to schedule a booster vaccine for your cat, contact our office today!

Symptoms of feline panleukopenia virus 

  • Abdominal pain.
  • Bloody diarrhea. 
  • Depression. 
  • Fever. 
  • Lethargy. 
  • Loss of appetite. 
  • Severe dehydration. 
  • Tail-biting.
  • Vomiting. 
  • Weight loss.

If your cat exhibits any of the aforementioned symptoms, please contact our office immediately, as it may indicate a life-threatening illness.

How is feline panleukopenia treated?

Upon bringing your pet in, the veterinarian will first perform a thorough physical exam to properly diagnose FPV. A Complete Blood Cell Count test will be completed, along with testing on a fecal specimen (when possible). The blood sample will indicate a drop in white blood cell count, suggesting panleukopenia, while the specimen can register traces of the FPV virus.

Because there is not a cure for panleukopenia, treatment is focused on supporting the side effects until the virus subsides, much like treating a human cold. Administering fluids to prevent dehydration, inoculating antibiotics to prevent systemic infection, and providing supplementary medications to curb diarrhea and vomiting are all possible therapies. In most cases, successful veterinary care of FPV patients involves 24/7 in-patient care.

Remember, FPV can be prevented with a proper vaccination regimen. Please consider pet vaccination before it is too late.


Read what people are saying about us.

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We took our 5 month old puppy in to get neutered today and had a great experience. They educate you on expenses without making you feel guilty if you decide against extra options. We were able to pick him up 5 hours after dropping him off which was also amazing. Would highly recommend to anyone looking for a vet.

Chelsea G.'s

Dr. Genova has been my 4 legged daughter's doctor for her whole life (10 years). He is very personable, informative and kind. I seriously cannot say enough positive things about him.. Why else would I trust him to take care of my baby girl?

The rest of the staff is also very kind. Most of them have changed throughout the years but one thing that hasn't is that you can immediately tell how much they all love animals.

This is definitely one of this places that I wish I could give more than 5 stars to.

John L.

We had our first experience at Village at Main Veterinary Hospital today and I couldn't wait to write a review because of how pleased I was with the entire staff and environment. I arrived way early for my appointment but they took me anyway since it was open with no problem at all. As soon as we walked in the door my puppy and I were greeted with smiles and even staff that didn't run the counter came out and greeted and loved on my puppy as well which really put her at ease. Every staff member acknowledged our presence at some point. We were taken back to an exam room and we saw Dr. Tran who was warm and loving toward my puppy, she really took her time and you could easily see that she loves what she does. Dr. Tran covered all of my questions I had planned to ask as well as asked if I had any others. I would highly recommend this clinic to anybody who has had a bad experience at another clinic because it will totally make up for it as it did in our case. Thank you so much again for making us feel right at home and loving what you guys do, I will continue to drive 30 minutes just to have my pooch continue to see you guys :)

Tiffany B.

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